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新生儿护理的基本知识

时间:2016-08-23 内容来源:妈妈爱网
“新生儿期”主要是指胎儿从母亲子宫内挽出到外界生活的适应期,由于这段时期新生儿的身体系统各个脏器功能的发育尚未成熟,临床上一般将新生儿分为三类。

“XINSHENGERQI”ZHUYAOSHIZHITAIERCONGMUQINZIGONGNEIWANCHUDAOWAIJIESHENGHUODESHIYINGQI,YOUYUZHEIDUANSHIQIXINSHENGERDESHENTIXITONGGEGEZANGQIGONGNENGDEFAYUSHANGWEICHENGSHU,LINCHUANGSHANGYIBANJIANGXINSHENGERFENWEISANLEI

ZUYUEER:TAILINGMAN37ZHOUZHIBUMAN42ZUZHOUDEXINSHENGER。

ZAOCHANER:TAILINGMAN28ZHOUZHIBUMAN37ZUZHOUDEXINSHENGER。

GUOQICHANER:TAILINGMAN42ZHOUYISHANGDEXINSHENGER。

XINSHENGERMIANYIGONGNENGDIXIA,TIWENDIAOJIEGONGNENGJIAOCHA,YINERYIGANRAN,HULIQILAIBIXUXIXIN、KEXUE、HELI。ZHUANJIAMENZHEZHONGCONGYIXIAJIGEFANGMIANJUTIJIYUZHIDAO。

1.居室环境

XINSHENGERDUIWAIJIEWENCHADEBIANHUAYOUXIEBUSHIYING,SHIYIDESHINEIWENDUYINGBAOCHIZAI25℃~28℃,SHENGXIAYAOSHIDANGJIANGWEN,ERDONGTIANZEXUYAOBAONUAN,DANJUNYINGZHUYITONGFENGSHIZUIHAOYOUQUNUANQIZAISHENPANG。

ERSHINEIDEGUANGXIANBUNENGTAIANHUOTAILIANG,YOUXIEJIAZHANGRENWEIXINSHENGERGANGUANGJIAORUO,HAIPACIJIYANJING,CHANGCHANGXIHUANGUASHANGHOUZHONGDECHUANGLIAN,QISHIZHEISHIBUYIDE,YINGRANGBAOBAOZAIZIRANDESHINEIGUANGXIANLIXUEHUISHIYING,ERBIMIANYANGGUANGZHISHEYANBU。

2.衣服和尿布

XINSHENGERDENEIYI(BAOKUONIAOBU)YINGYIROURUANQIEYIYUXISHUIDEMIANZHIPINWEIZHU,ZUIHAOBUYAOYONGHUAXIANHUOYINRANZHIPIN;YIFUDEYANSEYIQIANDAN,BIANYUFAXIANWUWU,BINGFANGZHIRANLIAODUIXINSHENGERPIFUDECIJI;YIFUJINLIANGKUANSONG,BUFANGAIZHITIHUODONGQIEYICHUANYITUO;YOUYUXINSHENGERTOUBUSANREJIAODA,QIHOUHANLENGHUOSHIWENJIAODISHIYINGGAIDAIXIAOMAOZI,TONGYANGYAOROURUANSHUSHI。

NIAOBUYONGROURUANXISHUIXINGHAODEMIANZHIPIN,ZUODAOQINXIQINHUAN,TONGCHANGBAITIANYAOHUAN4CIYISHANG,WANSHANGYINGHUAN2CIYISHANG,MEICIGENGHUANSHIJUNYINGQINGXIXIAOPIGU,BINGWAITUSHILIANGHUFUYOUJI;NIAOBUSHIZEXUANZEZHILIANGJIAOHAOQIETOUQIXINGNENGHAODE,ZAIJIALISHIJINLIANGYONGNIAOPIAN,CHUMENHUOSHUIJUESHIZEYONG“NIAOBUSHI;ZHUYINIAOPIANHUONIAOBUSHIBAOGUOBUYITAIJIN,YIBIANSIZHIZIYOUSHENZHAN。

3.睡眠和睡姿

SHUIZIYINGXIANGHUXI,QIEXINSHENGERTOULUBIJIAORUAN,LIANGHAODESHUIZIYOULIYUTOULUDEFAYU。JIANYIYOUGESHUSHI、HOUDUWEI1~2GONGFENDEXIAOZHENTOU,ZHONGJIANSHAOWEIXIAXIAN,LIANGTOUWEIQI。

熊猫电竞 ZUIHAODESHUIZISHIYANGWOHUOCEWO,YIBIMIANYAPOXIONGFEIBU,JIANYIZAIWEIYANGHOUDUOCAIQUCESHUI,YIMIANYINAIHUOQIANGKEZAOCHENGZHIXI;ZAICAIQUYANGWOWEISHI,YINGDANGJINGCHANGBIANHUANTIWEI;ZUYUEERYINHUODONGLIJIAOQIANG,CHUSHENGTOUJITIANKEYISHIDANGCAIQUFUWO,YILIHUXIDAOFENMIWULIUCHU,FANGZHIOUTUWUDAOLIURUQIGUAN,DANFUWOBIXUNAQUZHENTOU,TOUCEXIANGYIMIAN,CISHIYAOYOUJIAZHANGZAIYIPANGJIANHU。

XINSHENGERTONGCHANGMEITIANYAOSHUI18~20GEXIAOSHI,DANWEIMANYUEDEBAOBAOBUYIZHANGSHIJIANSHUIMIAN,JIAZHANGYINGGAIMEIGE2~3GEXIAOSHINONGXINGYICI,YIFANGBIANWEIYANG。

4.哺乳和喂养

XINSHENGERWEIYANGSHIMENHENDADEXUEWEN。ZHUANJIADEGUANDIANSHICHUSHENGHOUMURUWEIYANGYUEZAOYUEHAO,YIBANWEICHUSHENGHOUBANXIAOSHIZUOYOU。RUGUOMAMAZANSHIMEIYOUFENMIRUZHI,YEYAOJINLIANGRANGXINSHENGERSHUNXIRUTOU,YICUJINRUZHIFENMI,BINGZENGJINMUYINGDEGANQINGLIYUMUTIYINFENMIANZAOCHENGDECHANHOUSHANGKOUDEYUHE。

熊猫电竞 MURUWEIYANGSHIYINGCAIQU“SHUBAOWEI”JITOUBULVETAIQI,ZHEISHIZUILIXIANG、ZUIFUHEZIRANGUILVDEWEINAIFANGSHI。ZAIZHEIZHONGZISHIXIAXINSHENGERHEFUMUQINXIANGDUIERSHI,HAIKEZENGJIAXIANGHUJIANDEQINMIGAN;MURUWEINAIQIANYINGXIANXISHOUBINGJIANGRUTOUQINGXIGANJING,MUQINRUYOUHUXIDAOJIBINGWEIYANGSHIYINGDAIKOUZHAO,RURUFANGSHANGPIFUYOUPOLIEHUOYANZHENG,YINGZIXUNYISHENGHOUGENJUJUTIQINGKUANGJUEDINGSHIFOUJIXUBURU。

BURUDESHIHOUZUIHAOSHIYIBIANRUFANGXIKONGWEIBAOHOUXIAYICIZAIHUANLINGYIBIANRUFANG,YIFANGCANNAIYUJIZAIRUFANGNEI,RUYIBIANRUFANGYICIWEIBAOHOURENGYOUDUOYUDERUZHI,ZEZUIHAOJIANGQIJIDIAO,YICUJINRUFANGDEZHENGCHANGMIRUBINGBIMIANRUZHIYUJIHUOJIFAGANRAN。

熊猫电竞 RENGONGWEIYANGJINLIANGBUYAOZHIJIEWEIFUXINXIANNAI,YINWEIQIZHONGSUOHANDEDANBAIZHIDENGYINGYANGCHENGFENBUSHIHEXINSHENGER;HUNHEWEIYANG(MURUWEIYANGHEDAIRUPINWEIYANGXIANGJIEHE)SHI,YINGXIANYIMURUWEIYANGWEIZHU。

熊猫电竞 RENGONGWEIYANGSHINAIZUIDONGDAXIAOYINGSHIZHONGBINGZHUYIWENDU,NAIZUIWEINAISHIJINLIANGBUYAORANGBAOBAOXIJINKONGQI,YIMIANTUNAI,ERWEIWANZHIHOUKEQINGPAIBAOBAOBEIBU,YIMIANJIQI。CIWAIYAODUINAIPING、NAIZUIYANGEZHUFEIXIAODU。

WEIYANGBUXUTAIJIANGJIUDINGSHI,YIBANQINGKUANGXIA3XIAOSHIZUOYOUWEIYICI,MEICIYICHIBAOCHIHAOWEIYUANZE:JIBAOBAOCHINAIHOUBUKUBUCHAO,QIETIZHONGZHENGCHANGZENGZHANG。

5.预防感染

HULIXINSHENGERSHI,YAOZHUYIWEISHENG,ZAIMEICIHULIQIANJUNYINGXISHOU,YIFANGSHOUSHANGZHANWUDEXIJUNDAIDAOXINSHENGERXINENDEPIFUSHANGMIANFASHENGGANRAN,RUHULIRENYUANHUANYOUCHUANRANXINGJIBINGHUODAIJUNZHEZEBUNENGJIECHUXINSHENGER,YIFANGXINSHENGERSHOURAN。RUXINSHENGERFASHENGCHUANRANBINGSHI,BIXUYANGEGELIZHILIAO,JIECHUZHEGELIGUANCHA。CHANMUXIUXISHIZAIBURUSHIJIANYINGJINZHITANSHI,YIJIANSHAOXINSHENGERSHOUGANRANDEJIHUI。

6.皮肤护理

熊猫电竞 CHUSHENGBUJIUDEXINSHENGER,ZAIQIDAIWEITUOLUOQIAN,JINLIANGBUYONGPENYU,ERCAIYONGGANXIFAWEIXINSHENGERCASHEN。QIDAITUOLUOHOU,ZEKEJIYUPENYU,YIYONGWUCIJIXINGDEYINGERZHUANYONGXIANGZAO,YUHOUYAOYONGGANRUANDEMAOJINJIANGSHENSHANGDESHUIXIYU,BINGKEZAIPIFUZHOUZHECHUTUSHAOXUXIANGFEN。MEICIHUANNIAOBUHOUYIDINGYAOYONGWENREMAOJINJIANGTUNBUCAGANJING,YOUSHIYINNIAOYECIJISHITUNBUPIFUFAHONG,ZHEISHIKETUSHAOXUWUJUNZHIWUYOU。HANLENGJIJIETUNHONGMINGXIANSHI,HAIKEYONGDIANCHUIFENGZAIHONGTUNJUBUCHUIKAO,MEIRI3~4CI,MEICI5~10FENZHONG(DIANCHUIFENGBUKELIPIFUTAIJIN,YIFANGTANGSHANG)。

7.五官护理

YINGZHUYIMIANBUJIWAIERDAOKOU、BIKONGDENGCHUDEQINGJIE,DANWUWAWAIERDAOJIBIQIANG。YOUYUKOUQIANGZHANMOXINEN、XUEGUANFENGFU,JIYICASHANGERYINQIGANRAN,GUBUKEJINGCHANGYONGJINGCAXIKOUQIANG,GENGBUKEYONGZHEN、TEBIESHIBUJIEZHENQUTIAONIANYAYINSHANGDEXIAOBAIDIAN——SHANGPIXIAOZHU(SUCHENG“MAYA”HUO“BANYA”),YIFANGXIJUNYOUCICHUJINRENTINEIERYINQIBAIXUEZHENG。

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