熊猫电竞

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YICHUANJIBINGSHIZHIYOUYICHUANWUZHIFASHENGGAIBIANERYINQIDE,HUOYOUZHIBINGJIYINSUOKONGZHIDEJIBING。YICHUANJIBINGSHIZHIWANQUANHUOBUFENYOUYICHUANYINSUJUEDINGDEJIBING,CHANGWEIXIANTIANXINGDE,YEKEHOUTIANFABING。RUXIANTIANYUXING、DUOZHI(ZHI)、XIANTIANXINGLONGYA、XUEYOUBINGDENG,SHIWANQUANYOUYICHUANYINSUJUEDINGFABING,BINGQIEZAICHUSHENGYIDINGSHIJIANHOUCAIFABING。

常见的遗传病

熊猫电竞(1)RANSETIBING,RU21-SANTIZONGHEZHENG(XIANTIANYUXING)。

熊猫电竞(2)YICHUANXINGDAIXIEXINGJIBING,RUBAIHUABING,SHIYOUYUQUEFALAOANSUANMEI,HEISESUBUNENGXINGCHENGSUOZHI。

熊猫电竞(3)XUEYEXITONGJIBING,RUXUEYOUBING。

(4)XINXUEGUANXITONGJIBING,RUJIAZUXINGXINJIBING。

(5)MIANYIXITONGJIBING,RUQUANSHENXINGHONGBANLANGCHUANG,JUYUDUOJIYINYICHUANBING。

(6)XIAOHUAXITONGJIBING,RUJIAZUXINGDUOFAXINGJIECHANGXIROU,XIANTIANXINGSHIGUANBISUODENG。

(7)NEIFENMIXITONGJIBING,RUYICHUANXINGNIAOBENGZHENG。

(8)GUGEXITONGJIBING,RUBINGZHI(ZHI)JIXING、JIZHULIEDENG。

(9)SHENJINGJINGSHENXITONGJIBING,RUYICHUANXINGXIAONAOGONGJISHIDIAOZHENG、JINGSHENFENLIEZHENGDENG。

熊猫电竞(10)YANJIBING,RUXIANTIANXINGBAINEIZHANG、GAODUJINSHIDENG。

(11)ERBIHOUJIBING,RUCHANGRANSETIXIANXINGYICHUANXINGERLONG、MEINIERZONGHEZHENG。

(12)KOUQIANGJIBING,RUELIE、CHUNLIE。

(13)PIFUJIBING,RUYINXIEBING,HANKONGJIAOHUABING。

(14)JIROUXITONGJIBING,RUYINGYANGBULIANGXINGJIQIANGZHIZHENG、ZHONGZHENGJIWULIDENG。

(15)MINIAOXITONGJIBING,RUYICHUANXINGMANXINGSHENYAN、WEISHENGSUDYILAIXINGGOULOUBING(SHENXIAOGUANQUEFA1-JINGHUAMEI)。

(16)HUXIXITONGJIBING,RUJIAZUXINGZIFAXINGQIXIONG、ZHIQIGUANXIAOCHUAN。

(17)DUOXITONGXINGJIBING:RUYAN-YA-ZHIFAYUBULIANG;ERTONGZAOLAOZHENG,SHUCHANGRANSETIYINXINGYICHUAN。

遗传基因

熊猫电竞YICHUANJIYIN(Gene,Mendelianfactor),YECHENGWEIYICHUANYINZI,SHIZHIXIEDAIYOUYICHUANXINXIDEDNAHUORNAXULIE,SHIKONGZHIXINGZHUANGDEJIBENYICHUANDANWEI。JIYINTONGGUOZHIDAODANBAIZHIDEHECHENGLAIBIAODAZIJISUOXIEDAIDEYICHUANXINXI,CONGERKONGZHISHENGWUGETIDEXINGZHUANGBIAOXIAN。

SHENMESHIYICHUANJIYIN?

熊猫电竞XIANDAIYIXUEYANJIUZHENGMING,CHUWAISHANGWAI,JIHUSUOYOUDEJIBINGDOUHEJIYINYOUGUANXI。GENXUEYEFENBUTONGXUEXINGYIYANG,RENTIZHONGZHENGCHANGJIYINYEFENWEIBUTONGDEJIYINXING,JIJIYINDUOTAIXING。BUTONGDEJIYINXINGDUIHUANJINGYINSUDEMINGANXINGBUTONG,MINGANJIYINXINGZAIHUANJINGYINSUDEZUOYONGXIAKEYINQIJIBING。LINGWAI,YICHANGJIYINKEYIZHIJIEYINQIJIBING,ZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGXIAFASHENGDEJIBINGWEIYICHUANBING。

KEYISHUO,YINFAJIBINGDEGENBENYUANYINYOUSANZHONG:

熊猫电竞(1)JIYINDEHOUTIANTUBIAN;

熊猫电竞(2)ZHENGCHANGJIYINYUHUANJINGZHIJIANDEXIANGHUZUOYONG;

熊猫电竞(3)YICHUANDEJIYINQUEXIAN。

熊猫电竞JUEDABUFENJIBING,DOUKEYIZAIJIYINZHONGFAXIANBINGYIN。

JIYINTONGGUODUIDANBAIZHIHECHENGDEZHIDAO,JUEDINGWOMENXISHOUSHIWU,CONGSHENTIZHONGPAICHUDUWUHEYINGDUIGANRANDEXIAOLV。

DIYILEIYUYICHUANYOUGUANDEJIBINGYOUSIQIANDUOZHONG,TONGGUOJIYINYOUFUQINHUOMUQINYICHUANHUODE。

DIERLEIJIBINGSHICHANGJIANBING,LIRUXINZANGBING、TANGNIAOBING、DUOZHONGAIZHENGDENG,SHIDUOZHONGJIYINHEDUOZHONGHUANJINGYINSUXIANGHUZUOYONGDEJIEGUO。

熊猫电竞JIYINSHIRENLEIYICHUANXINXIDEHUAXUEZAITI,JUEDINGWOMENYUQIANBEIDEXIANGSIHEBUXIANGSIZHICHU。ZAIJIYIN“GONGZUO”ZHENGCHANGDESHIHOU,WOMENDESHENTINENGGOUFAYUZHENGCHANG,GONGNENGZHENGCHANG。RUGUOYIGEJIYINBUZHENGCHANG,SHENZHIJIYINZHONGYIGEFEICHANGXIAODEPIANDUANBUZHENGCHANG,ZEKEYIYINQIFAYUYICHANG、JIBING,SHENZHISIWANG。

JIANKANGDESHENTIYILAISHENTIBUDUANDEGENGXIN,BAOZHENGDANBAIZHISHULIANGHEZHILIANGDEZHENGCHANG,ZHEIXIEDANBAIZHIHUXIANGPEIHEBAOZHENGSHENTIGEZHONGGONGNENGDEZHENGCHANGZHIXING。MEIYIZHONGDANBAIZHIDOUSHIYIZHONGXIANGYINGDEJIYINDECHANWU。

JIYINKEYIFASHENGBIANHUA,YOUXIEBIANHUABUYINQIDANBAIZHISHULIANGHUOZHILIANGDEGAIBIAN,YOUXIEZEYINQI。JIYINDEZHEIZHONGGAIBIANJIAOZUOJIYINTUBIAN。DANBAIZHIZAISHULIANGHUOZHILIANGSHANGFASHENGBIANHUA,HUIYINQISHENTIGONGNENGDEBUZHENGCHANGYIZHIZAOCHENGJIBING。

遗传病是如何遗传的?

YI、DANJIYINBINGYICHUANFANGSHI,SHIYOUDANGEZHIBINGJIYINYINQI。

1、CHANGRANSETIXIANXINGYICHUAN

RUSHIWANGMOMUXIBAOLIU、YICHUANXINGJIECHANGDUOFAXINGXIROU、YICHUANXINGJINXINGXINGWUDAOBING、RUANGUFAYUBUQUAN、YEMANGZHENG、SHENXINGTANGNIAOBING、XUEDANGUCHUNGUOGAOZHENG、BINGZHIJIDUOZHIJIXING、XIANTIANXINGYANJIANXIACHUI、JIAZUXINGZHOUQIXINGSIZHIMABI、YICHUANXINGSHENJINGXINGERLONG、GUOMINXINGBIYAN、TIZHIXING(YUANFAXING)DIXUEYA、JIAZUXINGLIANGXINGMANXINGTIANPAOCHUANG、YAYINFEIDAZHENGJIDUOTAIRENSHENDENG。MUQIANYIBEIRENSHIDECHANGRANSETIXIANXINGYICHUANBINGYUEYOU160YUZHONG。

2、 CHANGRANSETIYINXINGYICHUAN

RUBENBINGTONGNIAOXING、BAIHUABING、CHUITIZHURUZHENG、JIAZUXINGJINGLUANXINGXIAZHIMABI、HEINIAOBING、XIANTIANXINGLONGYA、GAODUYUANSHI、GAODUJINSHI、FEIPANGSHENGZHIWUNENGZONGHEZHENG、XIANTIANXINGLINPIBINGDENG。XIANYIRENSHIDECHANGRANSETIYINXINGYICHUANBINGDA1232ZHONGZHIDUO。

3、XINGLIANSUOXIANXINGYICHUAN

RUWUHANZHENG、KANGWEISHENGSUDGOULOUBING、YICHUANXINGSHENYAN、ZHIFANGLIU、JISUIKONGDONGZHENGDENG。

4、XINGLIANSUOYINXINGYICHUAN

RUHONGLVSEMANG、XUEYOUBING、CANDOUBING、JIAZUXINGYICHUANXINGSHISHENJINGWEISUO、XUEGUANLIU、GAOWANNVXINGHUAZONGHEZHENG、XIANTIANXINGBINGZHONGQIUDANBAIQUEFAZHENG、SHENXINGTANGNIAOBING、XIANTIANXINGBAINEIZHANG、WUYANJIXING、GANGMENBISUODENG。

ER、RANSETIBINGYICHUANFANGSHI

熊猫电竞DABUFENSHIYINFUQIN(HUOMUQIN)DESHENGZHIXIBAOFASHENGJIBIAN,XIAOBUFENSHIYINWEISHUANGQINZHONGYOURANSETIDEPINGHENGYIWEIDEXIEDAIZHE,CHUANJIHOUDAISHI,SHIZINVFASHENGRANSETIYICHANGDEJIBING。CHANGJIANDEYOUXIANTIANYUXING、XIANTIANXINGXINGXIANFAYUBUQUANYIJIMAOJIAOZONGHEZHENG、XIAOGAOWANZHENG、LIANGXINGJIXINGDENG,GONG350YUZHONG。

SAN、 DUOJIYINBINGYICHUANFANGSHI

SHIZHIYOU2DUIYISHANGDEJIYINFASHENGYICHANGERYINQIDEJIBING。HUANJINGYINSUDEYINGXIANG,ZHISHIDUOZHONGJIYINFASHENGTUBIANERFABING。DUOJIYINYICHUANBINGDADUOSHIJIAOCHANGJIANDEJIBING,LIRUXIANTIANXINGXINZANGBING、YUANFAXINGGAOXUEYA、TANGNIAOBING、XIAOCHUAN、JINGSHENFENLIEZHENG、CHUNELIE、WUNAOERJIXING、XIAOHUAXINGKUIYANG、XIANTIANXINGJIXINGZU、FEIJIEHE、ZHONGZHENGJIWULI、YUANFAXINGDIANXIAN、TONGFENG、WEISUOXINGBIYAN、DIJIZHONGDUJINSHI、NIUPIXUAN、LEIFENGSHIXINGGUANJIEYAN、XIESHI、ZAOKUANGYIYUXINGJINGSHENBINGDENG。

父母遗传特征

1、SHOUMING。

RUGUONIDEJIAZUZHONGYOUZHANGSHOUDEXIANLI,NEIMENIDEHAIZIZHANGSHOUDEKENENGXINGSHIHENDADE。BUGUO,SHOUMINGYESHOUHUANJINGYINSUDEYINGXIANG,RUYINSHIXIGUAN、SHENGHUOHUANJING、GONGZUOHUANJINGDENG,YEZAIBUTONGCHENGDUSHANGZUOYOUZHERENDESHOUMING。

2、SHENGAO。

YANJIUBIAOMING,RENDESHENGAOYOU70%QUJUEYUYICHUAN,HOUTIANYINSUDEYINGXIANGZHIZHANDAO30%。YIBANLAIJIANG,RUGUOFUMUSHENCAIJIAOGAO,HAIZISHENCAIGAODEJIHUIWEI3,AIDEJIHUIWEI1。

3、PANGSHOU。

DAIXIELVDIDERENJIURONGYIZHANGPANG,ZHEISHIYOUYUTIXINGYICHUANYINSUERJUEDINGDE。RUGUOFUMUTIXINGSHUYURONGYIZHANGPANGDENEIZHONGLEIXING,HAIZIJIURONGYIPIANPANG。YINCI,ZHEIYANGDEHAIZICHUSHENGHOU,WEIYANGSHANGYAOZHUYIYINGYANGPINGHENG,BUYAOCHIDEGUODUO。RUGUOFUMUZHONGYOUYIRENFEIPANG,HAIZIFAPANGDEJIHUISHI30%。RUGUOFUMUSHUANGFANGDOUFEIPANG,HAIZIFAPANGDEJIHUISHI50%-60%。

4、FUSE。

熊猫电竞FUSEZAIYICHUANSHIWANGWANGBUPIANBUYI,RANGRENBIEWUXUANZE。TAZONGSHIZUNXUNZHE“XIANGCHENGHOUZAIPINGJUN”DEZIRANFAZE,JIHAIZIDAZHEFUMU“ZONGHESE”DELUOYIN。BIRU,FUMUPIFUJIAOHEI,JUEDUIBUHUIYOUBAINENJIFUDEHAIZI;RUGUOFUMUZHONGYIGERENJIAOHEI,YIGERENJIAOBAI,NEIMEZAIPEITAISHI“PINGJUN”HOU,BIANJIHAIZIXINGCHENGYIGEBUHEIBUBAIDEZHONGXINGFUSE。

5、YANJING。

FUMUDEYANJINGXINGZHUANGDUIHAIZIDEYINGXIANGXIANERYIJIAN。ZHIYAOFUMUSHUANGFANGYOUYIGERENSHIDAYANJING,SHENGDAYANJINGHAIZIDEKENENGJIUHUIDAYIXIE。HAIYOUSHUANGYANPI、YANQIUYANSE、JIEMAODOUSHIYICHUANDE。

6、BIZI。

YIBANLAIJIANG,BIZIDA、GAO,ERBIKONGKUANDERENCHENGXIANXINGYICHUAN。FUMUSHUANGFANGZHONGYOUYIRENSHITINGZHIDEBILIANG,YICHUANJIHAIZIDEKENENGXINGJIUHENDA。

7、ERDUO。

ERDUOXINGZHUANGSHIYICHUANDE。FUMUSHUANGFANGZHIYAOYIGERENSHIDAERDUO,NEIMEHAIZIJIUJIYOUKENENGYOUSHUANGDAERDUO。

8、XIAE。

FUMURENHEYIFANGYOUTUCHUDEDAXIABA,HAIZISHIYOUBAJIUHUIYIYANG。

9、SHENGYIN。

HAIZIDESHENGYINTONGCHANGDOUHUIFEICHANGJIEJINFUMU,QIXIANGSICHENGDUHUIBIZHANGXIANG、XINGTIGENGSHEN。RUGUOFUQINXIAOSHENGSHUANGLANG,MUQINYOUSHIGEDASANGMEN,HENNANXIANGXIANGHAIZIHUIXISHENGXIQI。TONGCHANG,ERZIDESHENGYINYUFUQINHENJIEJIN,NVERDESHENGYINZEHENXIANGMUQIN。

10、ZHILI。

熊猫电竞RENDEZHILIQUJUEYUYICHUAN、HUANJINGLIANGFANGMIANDEYINSU。YICHUANJUEDING60%,HUANJINGZEJUEDINGLELINGWAI40%。ZAIZHILIYICHUANZHONG,BUJINBAOKUOZHISHANG,HAIBAOKUOQINGSHANG。

11、FUMUTIANFU。

FUMUZAIMOUXIEFANGMIANDETIANFUDOUYOUKENENGYICHUANJIHAIZI。RUGUOSHIDANGDIJINXINGKAIFA,JIUKEYISHIHAIZIZAIZHEIFANGMIANYOUGENGHAODEFAZHAN。

遗传病的治疗和预防

YIQIAN,RENMENRENWEIYICHUANBINGSHIBUZHIZHIZHENG。DANSUIZHEXIANDAIYIXUEDEFAZHAN,YIXUEYICHUANXUEGONGZUOZHEZAIDUIYICHUANBINGDEYANJIUZHONG,NONGQINGLEYIXIEYICHUANBINGDEFABINGGUOCHENG,CONGERWEIYICHUANBINGDEZHILIAOHEYUFANGTIGONGLEYIDINGDEJICHU,BINGBUDUANTICHULEXINDEZHILIAOCUOSHI。YICHUANBINGDEZHILIAOZHUYAOYOUYIXIAJIZHONGFANGFA。

1、YINSHIZHILIAO

MOUXIEYICHUANBINGKETONGGUOKONGZHIYINSHIDADAOZUZHIJIBINGFASHENGDEMUDE,CONGERSHOUDAOZHILIAOXIAOGUO。RUBENBINGTONGNIAOZHENGDEFABINGJILISHIBENBINGANSUANQIANGHUAMEIQUEXIAN,SHIBENBINGANSUANHEBENBINGTONGSUANZAITINEIDUIJIERZHIBING,KECHUXIANHUANERZHILIDIXIAHUOCHENGWEIBAICHI。RUGUOZHENDUANZHUNQUE,ZAIZAOQIZUIHAOZAICHUSHENGHOU7-10TIANKAISHIZHESHOUFANGZHI,ZAICHUSHENGHOU3GEYUENEI,JIHUANERDIBENBINGANSUANYINSHI,RUDAMI、DABAICAI、BOCAI、MALINGSHU、YANGROUDENG,ZEKECUSHIYINGERZHENGCHANGSHENGZHANGFAYU。DENGDAOHAIZIZHANGDASHANGXUESHI,ZAISHIDANGFANGKUANDUIYINSHIDEXIANZHI。

YOURU,WOGUOZHANGJIANGYINANGESHENGJUNYOU5%DERENHUANYICHUANXINGPUTAOTANG6-LINSUANTUOQINGMEIQUEFAZHENG,LINQINGBIAOXIANWEIRONGXUEXINGPINXUE,YANZHONGSHIKEWEIJISHENGMING。ZHEILEIBINGRENDUICANDOUYOUQIMINGAN,JINSHICANDOUHOUJIKEYINQIJIXINGRONGXUEXINGPINXUE,GUYOUCHENG“CANDOUBING”。DUIZHEILEIHUANZHEYINGYANGEJINSHICANDOUJIQIZHIPIN。TONGSHI,ZHEIZHONGBINGHAIKEYINQIYAOWUXINGRONGXUE、GANRANXINGRONGXUEHEYICHUANXINGFEIQIUXINGXIBAORONGXUEXINGPINXUEDENG,GUPINGSHIYONGYAOBIXUSHENZHONG。

2、YAOWUZHILIAO

熊猫电竞YAOWUZAIYICHUANBINGDEZHILIAOZHONGWANGWANGQIYIDINGDEFUZHUZUOYONG,CONGERGAISHANHUANZHEDEBINGQING,JIANSHAOTONGKU。ZHUYAOSHIDUIZHENGZHILIAO,RUFUZHITONGJIYIJIANQINGBINGYUANTENGTONG。HAIKEYIGAISHANJITIDAIXIE,RUGANDOUZHUANGHEBIANXING,ZHUYAOSHITINEITONGDAIXIEZHANGAI,SHIXUENEITONGDESHUIPINGSHENGGAO,DAOZHITAIERJIXING。KEYIFUYONGCUJINTONGPAIXIEDEYAOWU,TONGSHIXIANZHISHIYONGHANTONGDESHIWU,YIBAOCHITINEITONGDEZHENGCHANGSHUIPING,ERDADAOLIANGHAODEZHILIAOXIAOGUO。HAIYOUXIEBINGRUXIANTIANXINGDIMIANYIQIUDANBAIXUEZHENG,KEYIZHUSHEMIANYIQIUDANBAIZHIJI,YIDADAOZHILIAODEMUDE。

3、SHOUSHUZHILIAO

SHOUSHUJIAOZHIZHICAIYONGSHOUSHUQIECHUMOUXIEQIGUANHUODUIMOUXIEJUYOUXINGTAIQUEXIANDEQIGUANJINXINGSHOUSHUXIUBUDEFANGFA。RUQIUXINGHONGXIBAOZENGDUOZHENG,YOUYUYICHUANQUEXIANSHIHUANZHEDEHONGXIBAOMOSHENTOUCUIXINGMINGXIANZENGGAO,HONGXIBAOCHENGQIUXING,ZHEIZHONGHONGXIBAOZAITONGGUOPIZANGDEPIDOUSHIJIYIBEIPOHUAIERYINQIRONGXUEXINGPINXUE。KEYISHISHIPIQIECHUSHU,PIQIECHUHOUSUIRANBUNENGGAIBIANHONGXIBAODEYICHANGXINGTAI,DANQUEKEYIYANZHANGHONGXIBAODESHOUMING,HUODEZHILIAOXIAOGUO。DUIYUDUOZHI、TUCHUNJIWAISHENGZHIQIJIXINGDENG,KETONGGUOSHOUSHUJIAOZHI。YOURU,HUCHOUYESHIYIZHONGYICHUANBING,DANZHIYAOJIANGHUANZHEYEXIAFENMIGUOWANGDEXIANTIWANDIAO,JIKEXIAOCHUBINGHUAN。

4、JIYINLIAOFA

熊猫电竞JIYINZHILIAOYICHUANSHIYIZHONGGENBENDEHEYOUXIWANGDEFANGFA。RENLEIDEYICHUANWUZHI,YEKEYIXIANG“XIAZIXIANGQIUYINJIEYANJING”DEGUSHIYIYANG,XIANGBIEDESHENGWUJIEYONG。JIXIANGJIYINFASHENGQUEXIANDEXIBAOZHURUZHENGCHANGJIYIN,YIDADAOZHILIAOMUDE。JIYINZHILIAOSHUOQILAIJIANDAN,KESHISHISHANGSHIYIGEXIANGDANGFUZADEWENTI。SHOUXIANBIXUCONGSHUSHIWANJIYINZHONGZHAOCHUQUEXIANJIYIN,TONGSHIBIXUZHIBEICHUXIANGYINGDEZHENGCHANGJIYIN,RANHOUJIANGZHENGCHANGJIYINZHUANRUXIBAONEITIDAIQUEXIANJIYIN,BINGNENGGOUJINXINGZHENGCHANGDEBIAODAZUOYONG。CIZHONGZHILIAOFANGFA,MUQIANHAICHUZAIYANJIUHETANSUOJIEDUANZHIZHONG。

ZHIDETEBIETICHUDESHI,ZAIJIYINLIAOFAHAIMEIYOUCHEDIYANJIUCHULAIDEXIANJIEDUAN,YICHUANBINGZHONGNENGGOUYONGSHANGSHUJIZHONGJIANDANFANGFAJINXINGZHILIAODE,BIJINGZHISHISHAOSHU,ERQIEZHEILEIZHILIAOZHIYOUZHIBIAODEZUOYONG,JISUOWEI“BIAOXIANXINGZHILIAO”,ZHINENGXIAOCHUYIDAIRENDEBINGTONG,ERDUIZHIBINGJIYINBENSHENQUESIHAOWEICHUJI。NEIXIEZHIBINGJIYINJIANGYIRUJIWANG,ANZHAOGUYOUGUILVCHUANDIJIHUANZHEDEZISUNHOUDAI。

YINCI,DUIYUDALIANGWUFAGENZHIDEYICHUANBING,YINGDANGCAIQUJIJICUOSHI,ZHONGDIANSHIYUFANGYICHUANBINGDEFASHENG。ERYICHUANBINGDEYUFANG,ZHUYAOTONGGUORENWEIDEFANGFAJIANGDIHUODUJUEYICHUANBINGDEFASHENGHECHUANBO。YINGJIAQIANGYICHUANZIXUN,PUJIYOUGUANYICHUANBINGDEZHISHI,CAIQUYUFANGCUOSHI,JIANCHUZHIBINGJIYINDEXIEDAIZHE,CONGERBIMIANHUOJIANSHAOYICHUANBINGERDECHUSHENG。

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